Moscow Stud Farm No. 1 was founded on 24 October 1924, to breed Orlov Trotters, a domestic breed with a long history. The location for the stud farm was chosen for its proximity to Russias leading research centres for horse breeding.

The Orlov Trotter is the crown jewel of Russian horse breeding, created by Count Aleksey Orlov in the late 18th century. They are well adapted to Russian climate and have always been easy to keep. Their stunning beauty is complemented by excellent performance and pedigree. The Orlov Trotter excels as a coach horse, riding horse and sport horse.

The Moscow Stud Farm is well known for its unique Orlov Trotter type, which has made a valuable contribution to the gene pool of the modern breed. Two stallions bred at Moscow Stud Farm No. 1 Pion and Kvadrat each sired over 600 horses, starting new lines and families of the Orlov Trotter and continuing the original lines. Over 20 sires used in stud farms across Russia and the CIS were foaled and raised at the Moscow Stud Farm.

In the late 1950s, the Moscow Stud Farm entered a new phase when it established a Russian Troika department for its Orlov Trotters. The horses raised by this department have been exceptionally successful.

Today, Moscow Stud Farm No. 1 follows the best Russian traditions of horse breeding, raising Orlov Trotters and Trakehners and preserving the famous Russian Troika as a part of the nations cultural heritage. The Stud Farm holds the horse auctions. Horses foaled at Moscow Stud Farm No. 1 are among the winners of championships and trade fairs. Moscow Stud Farm No. 1 also runs one of Russias best youth equestrian schools.